Major Research Areas


 The primary goal of faculty is to guide each student towards specialisation in the fields of their choice through comprehensive education. The faculty is also engaged in pioneering and innovative researches related to contemporary issues of importance. The thrust areas of the various departments are as follows: 
  1. The Department of Ancient Indian History and Archaeology has conducted research related to the study of ancient sites and monuments in UP, village to village explorations and excavations to determine cultural sequence, antiquity, and settlement pattern, Paleo environment and other relevant aspects related to ancient culture of UP. Study of ancient Indian coins particularly housed in the museums, study of various aspects related to influences and interactions between ancient India, Central Asia and South East Asia, ancient polity, administration and good governance. 
  2. The Department of Western History is involved in research related to American History, Indians Abroad, Foreign Policy of India and others, Colonialism and Nationalism, Penal Settlement and Criminal Justice, Western Historiography
  3. The Department of Medieval History has conducted research related Political History of India, Administrative, Social, Economic and Cultural History of India
  4. The Department of Philosophy is known for analytical studies in various disciplines of philosophy. Department also focuses on textual studies in selected classics of eastern and western philosophy. 
  5. The Department of Psychology is keen to develop action oriented research programmes for enhancing the well being of community at large. The research projects deal with issues of multidisciplinary interest particularly focusing on people experiencing social exclusion. Current thrust areas are issues related to Mental Health, Stress, Spirituality, Emotional Regulation, Organisational Commitment, Coping Strategies, Problems of Marginalised Groups, people with alternative life style (MSM, FSW, Transgender), Elderly, Challenged Groups Besides action researches for improving well being with inputs on Counselling, Positive living, Happiness and Quality of Life etc. are also being taken up especially within a qualitative framework. 
  6. The Department of Sociology is actively engaged in research on Role of Tradition, Modernity & Globalization in India; Dimensions of Gender Inequality, Politics & Society in India, Weaker Sections, Development & Change. The department is also actively taking up new research projects related to Rural Development, Urban issues and Marginalized sections of society.  
  7. The Department of Sanskrit and Prakritk Languages focuses on Vedic studies, Sanskrit literature and poetics, Pali Prakrit literature. The Abhinavagupta Institute of Aesthetics and Shaiva Philosophy  promotes advance research in the field of Shaiva Philosophy of Kashmir. It is considered the most advanced thinking in the field of Indian Philosophy. Abhinavagupta is the chief exponent of this system. It also tries to explore the Abhinavan view on Indian Aesthetics. This is discussed as applied metaphysics. Besides this, the comparison of western and Indian theories of Aesthetics is also a focus of research. 
  8. The Department of Linguistics is involved in researches on Theoretical Linguistics, Sociolinguistics,Tribal Linguistics, Language Teaching, Neurolinguistics,Translation, Documentation, Generative Syntax, Phonology, Comparative Dravidian and Theoretical Linguistics. 
  9. Department of Jyotirvigyan is engaged in research on Siddhant Jyotish (Indian Astronomy), Samhita Jyotish (Medini Jyotish), Hora Jyotish (Jatak) and Vastu Shastra along with practical application of a Vedhashala (Observatory) based on traditional Vedic Astronomy. 
  10. The Department of Hindi focuses on researches related to  िहीसािह(आिदकाल से अ तन) ,िह ी भाषा (उ व एवं िवकास, िविभ प, मह ),  योजनमूलक िह ी I 
  11. The Department of Geography focuses on Remote Sensing, Geographical Information System (GIS) and statistical softwares. Special attention is paid to the theoretical and practical aspects in curricular design that make the students familiar with modern technological skills and devices for research. 
  12. The Department of English and Modern European Languages in exception of being involved in English Language teaching is also involved in Stylistics and Discourse Analysis, analysis of American, Canadian, Colonial and Post Colonial literature, Theatre studies, Translation and Cultural studies. 
  13. The Department of Economics is involved in research on Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Economics of Environment and Sustainable Development, Banking and Finance Sector, International Economics and Trade, Public Finance, Development Economics, Econometrics and its application, Mathematical Economics, Industrial Economics, Labour Economics, Planning and Development, Demography and Gender Economics, Economics of Social Sector and Economics of Uttar Pradesh. 
  14. The Department of Anthropology has major thrust areas including Socio Cultural Anthropology (Ethnographic Researches, Peasant Society studies, Tribal & Rural Development, Mass Media, Visual Anthropology and Museumology, Linguistic and Economic Anthropology), Physical and Biological Anthropology (Evolutionary Anthropology, Anthropometric Variations, Dermatoglyphics, Serology, Genetic Diversity of Mankind in India, Physical Growth & Nutrition, Reproductive and Child Health), Medical Anthropology (Indigenous Healthcare System, Tribal and ethno Medicine, Anthropo-therapy, Epidemiology, Medical Pluralism, ), Forensic Science (Forensic Anthropology, Fingerprint and Document Examination, Forensic Photography, Forensic Biology and Serological studies, Facial Reconstruction, Biometrics, etc), and Human Ecology and Development (Human Ecosystems, Climatic Change, Rural and Urban Planning, Disease Ecology, Population Structure, Agriculture Research).  
  15. The Department of Oriental Studies in Arabic and Persian is involved in research on Pre-Islamic Arabian literature & culture, Indo-Arab literature & culture, Umayyad & Abbasid period: its literature & culture, Modern Arabic literature & culture, Andalusian Arabic literature & culture, Modern Arab history and problems. Indo-Arab relations: Ancient & Modern, Islamic philosophy: Mysticism, Muslim Arts & Architectures, Muslim history and contemporary issues of Arabia.  
  16. The Department of Persian focuses on Modern Persian literature, Development of Persian Literature in Awadh, Persian Tazkira writing in India, Persian Lexicography, Travelogues, Sufistic literature and Manuscriptology. 
  17. The Department of Social work focuseson research in the field of Government's social welfare sector, in public and private sector of industry, in social work academics and in other allied professions. The faculty are involved in various areas like gender issues, government schemes like MGNREGA, National Health Mission evaluation, Sanitation, Health and hygiene issues, Community awareness, higher education, Occupational transformation
  18. The Department of Public Administration focuses on a) Administrative Ethics - Factors influencing decision making, Issues of Public Office, Administrative corruption b) Accountability, Relationship between politician and civil servants, Citizen and Administrator’s relationship c) Decentralized Governance, Performance evaluation of PRIs, Need for any structural functional changes d) Civil services and the public delivery system, Role of civil services in public delivery system, Performance assessment of public delivery system. 
  19. The Department of Library and Information Science lays thrust on Bibliometrics, Knowledge information and communication and Library classification.


 The Faculty of Commerce and Institute of Management Sciences conduct research in both pure and applied areas of commerce and business including international trade encompassing broad issues of marketing, finance, accounts, entrepreneurship, environment, human resource, taxation and economy. Periodically, areas of research are identified to reflect, fulfil and respond to the gaps created by rapidly changing business environment. The topics cut across various disciples giving opportunity for inter-disciplinary research. The Faculty attempts to influence policies and practices as well as disseminate knowledge for the benefit of various stakeholders of society.  The canvas of research is enlarged to include doctoral and post-doctoral students.  The focus areas of research in the recent past include the following:
  1.  Consumer Behaviour in Online and Off-line Platforms, Retail Business, Marketing Communication, Service Quality, Digital Marketing, Consumer Ethnocentrism, CRM.
  2. Sustainable Development, Sustainability, Green and Organic Products.
  3. Global Financial System, Financial Derivatives and Risk Management, Strategic Finance, Financial Economics.
  4. Advanced Economic Analysis, Monetary Theory & Practice, Transport Economics and Logistics, Quantitative Techniques for Economic Analysis, Demographic and Population Studies.
  5. Employee Empowerment, Leadership, Conflict, Employer Branding, Green HRM, Emotional Intelligence, Work-Life Balance, Stress Management, Ethics.
  6. Foreign Trade Policy Procedures & Documentation, International Trade & Banking, International Logistics, FDI.
  7. Small Business & Entrepreneurial Skills, Entrepreneurship, Family Business, Banking, Insurance.
  8. Data Mining, Soft Computing, Cloud Computing.


The Department of Education has from time to time identified thrust areas, around which research projects and several studies cutting across disciplinary boundaries have been conducted. These areas of research include:
  • Teacher education at primary, secondary and higher levels
  • Assessment of teaching and learning
  • Women education, Inclusive education
  • Curriculum design and development
  • Disability management and special education
  • Contemporary issues of education like peace, values, human rights etc.
  • Technological and ICT based innovative practices in education
  • Educational management, Administration and Polices
  • Sociological and Political dimensions of education
  • Philosophical and Psychological aspects of education
  • Pedagogical aspects of school subjects
  • Environmental education


The newly established Faculty of Engineering is much focused and understands the importance and responsibility of its research contribution to local community, nation and the global society in general. The main objective of the researchers in various departments is to anticipate and provide solutions to various challenges confronting the society and thereby, transform human lives. With this goal in mind, the faculty members seeks to investigate into those areas that are of paramount importance to various stakeholders of society such as security, environment, energy, manufacturing, communication, new material discovery, infrastructure, monitoring, preventive and adaptive systems and any other emerging issue of concern. Currently, the departments are engaged in the following areas of research:
  1. Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering: Analog signal processing, wireless communication system, signal and image processing
  2. Department of Mechanical Engineering: Sustainable development, supply chain management, industrial engineering, polymer welding, solid mechanics, thermal engineering
  3. Department of Electrical Engineering: Renewable energy resources, power electronics and drives, power system and protection transformer protection, artificial intelligence techniques
  4. Department of Computer Science and Engineering: Fuzzy logic, software engineering, data image visualization and processing, artificial intelligence, data analytics, human computer interaction
  5. Department of Civil Engineering: industrial waste management, construction material, concrete technology, water treatment, supply enhancing technologies, green building strategies
  6. Department of Applied Science and Humanities: Nuclear physics, theoretical physics, nanotechnology, natural product chemistry, synthetic organic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, queuing theory and fuzzy linear programming, mathematical biology and ecology, epidemiology, modeling of environmental pollution


 The thrust areas are:
  • Impact of various artists on contemporary practicing artists
  • Importance of Art movements in world art history
  • Role of methods and materials in Printmaking
  • Dying methods in Printmaking and its importance in present context
  • Essentials of contemporary ways of doing art works in given time and space
  • Journal of the Early Book Society for the study of manuscripts and printing history
  • Role of technology and internet for modern trends in visual art
  • Challenges for Creativity in contemporary times as visual artists.
  • Impacts and Role of social media in concept development in visual language for student from rural and urban setups.
  • Study the processes and effects through updated technology for the use in present scenario
  • Impacts of Art Houses and Galleries for young and upcoming artists in the country.
  • Studying and understanding the concept development in visual art through society and history
  • Art as social tool and its impacts on society
  • Understanding various forms of traditional and tribal art in India and abroad
  • A study modern art in India and abroad
  • Elements of visual arts and their application in visual language
  • Traditional methods in Printmaking and its impact on digital Printmaking
  • Elements of Printmaking : Line, Form, Colour, Space, Texture and its role in Printmaking


  1. Department of Biochemistry: Faculty of the department have been involved in research in various thrust areas of Transgenic Technology, Enzymology, Protein Chemistry, Plant Biochemistry, Animal Biotechnology, Drug Development, Diagnostics, Cancer Molecular Biology, Biochemical Toxicology, Fungal Pathogenesis & Lipid Biochemistry as well as Bioinformatics. 
  2. Department of Botany: The department is known for its extensive work on Bryology, Cytogenetics & Plant Breeding, Environment & Soil Science, Floristics & Morpho taxonomy, Molecular Plant Virology & Microbiology, Mycology & Plant Pathology, Phycology, Plant Physiology & Nutrition and Seed Plant Biotechnology. 
  3. Department of Chemistry: The Faculty members of the department have been working on various areas.
    • In Inorganic Chemistry, the thrust areas are Supramolecular Chemistry, Organometallic & Co-ordination Chemistry, Synthesis & Structural Aspects & Chemistry of Cr, Mo, Te in different oxidation states, Ion Transport mechanism in solids & Liquids, Synthetic & Spectroscopic aspects of metallo-organic compounds with biologically relevant N-heterocycles, Designing & Characterization of Pd(II) & Pt(II) complexes, Bio-inorganic Chemistry and Environmental Chemistry.
    • In Organic Chemistry, the thrust areas are Chemistry of Natural Products, Carbohydrate Chemistry, Bio-organic Chemistry, Synthetic Methodology using new reagents, Microwave Assisted Organic Synthesis, Heterocyclic Chemistry, Application of multinuclear and 2D NMR Spectroscopy and Computational Chemistry.
    • In Physical Chemistry, the thrust is on Kinetics & mechanism of catalysed and uncatalyzed ligand substitution reactions, Adsorption of sugars & related polyhydroxy compounds onto various surfaces, Electro catalysis of oxygen evolution/reduction, Ion-ion & Ion Solvent interactions and Polymer Chemistry & Ion Exchange studies. 
  4. Department of Computer Science: The department is having a good hold and recognition in the research areas such as Network Security & Reliability, Software Quality & Reliability and Artificial Intelligence. 
  5. Department of Geology: The major research contributions of the department have been in the thrust areas like Sedimentology, Structural Geology & Tectonics, Glaciology, Palaeontology, Engineering Geology, Petrology, Ground water resource & management, Environmental Geochemistry and Remote Sensing & GIS. 
  6. Department of Mathematics and Astronomy: The department has made significant contributions to the advancement of Mathematics throughout last eight decades in various thrust areas like Differential Geometry, Fluid Mechanics, Approximation Theory, Special Functions, Algebra, Complex Analysis, Differential Equations, Cryptography, Graph Theory, Mathematical Biology and Astrochemistry & Astrobiology. 
  7. Department of Physics: The faculty and research students of the department have made original contributions in Experimental as well as Theoretical fields of research in thrust areas like Astrophysics & Cosmology, Condensed Matter Physics, Solid State Physics, High Energy Physics, Liquid Crystals, Materials Science/Nanomaterials, Nuclear Physics, Optoelectronics, Plasma Physics, Quantum Chemistry, Renewable Energy, Sensors, Space/Atmospheric Physics and Spectroscopy. 
  8. Department of Statistics: The department has earned for itself an excellent reputation in teaching and research in different thrust areas like Probability, Sampling, Inference, Design of Experiments, Applied Statistics, Gender Statistics, Medical Statistics, Bayesian Statistics, Bio-Statistics, Application of Statistical Techniques, Psychological & Educational statistics, Linear Models, Optimization Biostatistics, Sampling and Demography. 
  9. Department of Zoology: The faculty members and students of boasts a great diversity in research specializations, ranging from the smallest organisms (Protozoa), to parasitic helminths, insects, fishes, reptiles, birds, mammals and humans. Faculty in the department engage in research in a wide variety of fields like Parasitology, Entomology & Pest Management, Chronobiology & Reproductive Biology, Toxicology & Fish Genetic Research, Molecular & Human Genetics, Molecular Endocrinology & Bone Biology as well as Biodiversity & Wildlife.